An overview of the american indians

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An overview of the american indians

They camped and hunted along Ozark rivers, perhaps as long as 12, to 14, years ago. These early inhabitants were big-game hunters. The mastodon for meat and the giant ground sloth for furstill roamed the area. After the ice age arrived, circa B. They crafted fluted points for hunting, needles for making clothing, hand-woven nets for fishing, and mortars for crunching seeds.

Fish and vegetables became an important part of their diet. During the Woodland Period 1, to B. The Hopewell tribe inhabited the region now known as Missouri. They learned how to fire clay pots and tools, engaged in trade, and created large ceremonial earthworks.

They cultivated corn and hunted deer and wild turkey.

Native American Pottery Making- Overview

Corn, beans, squash, sunflowers and gourds were grown. The house of the chief was found probably near the mountain refuge of Centerville with coverings of colored deerskins drawn over with designs, and the floor of the house was covered with the same material in the manner of carpets.

An overview of the american indians

The chief left it so, in order that the governor might lodge in it as a sign that he was desirous of peace and his friendship, but he did not dare remain. The governor upon seeing that he was away, sent a captain with horse and foot soldiers to look for him. The captain found many people, but because of the roughness of the land the highest mountains in Missouri they captured only some women and young persons.


It was a small and scattered settlement and had very little corn there's nowhere to grow it. On that account, the governor left it immediately choosing to camp farther down the trail on Bunker's Plateau.

These were the Indians the European explorers and settlers of our region would come into contact with. Our region was the hunting ground of several tribes including the Osage, Delaware, Kickapoo, Shawnee, Piankashaw and perhaps others.

The Osage tribe was master of the area. Only the Osage Indians seemed to be native to Missouri and the Ozark region.

All the other tribes had been driven from east of the Mississippi River to our region as the white man made his gradual advance across the eastern portion of North America. Discovery of the Mississippi by William H. It hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda.

The Osage empire covered roughly a portion of four states: Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. How many people this represented is not known, but the war-like Osage had the numbers to rule this area preeminently against the other tribes that flanked them on every side.


Bell, "Due to their marriage customs, the Osage were tall, physically strong, and possessed unquestionable courage. The smaller, weaker males often were denied marriage and the mightiest warriors got the girl plus all her sisters. In this way they had a form of selective breeding, which undoubtedly accounts for most of the tribe being over six feet tall.

Early maps verify the presence of a village of Delaware Indians along the Black River. The Osage Indians gave up their claim to most of the Ozark Plateau in a treaty with the federal government in Recommended Books about United States Indians Atlas of the North American Indian: Tribal maps showing the pre-Columbian, colonial, and current locations of Native American lands.

Dec 04,  · According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are about million Native Americans and Alaska Natives in the United States today. That’s about percent of the population.

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Historically, certain Native American tribes have had close . Haida Indian Fact Sheet. Native American Facts For Kids was written for young people learning about the Haida tribe for school or home-schooling reports.

We encourage students and teachers to visit our main Haida website for in-depth information about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Haida pictures and links we believe are suitable.

NATIVE AMERICAN NATIONS. Last update - September 16, Maintained by Lisa Mitten. INFORMATION ON INDIVIDUAL NATIVE NATIONS. This section contains links to pages that have either been set up by the nations themselves, or are pages devoted to a particular nation, and are ALPHABETICAL BY TRIBAL NAME.

The Mississippian Period in the midwestern and southeastern United States, which lasted from about A.D. to , saw the development of some of the most complex societies that .

American Memory from the Library of Congress - List All Collections