Visit Website Instead, as one of the first acts of ReconstructionPresident Andrew Johnson ordered all land under federal control to be returned to its previous owners in the summer of Those who refused or resisted were eventually forced out by army troops. Black Codes In the early years of Reconstruction, most blacks in rural areas of the South were left without land and forced to work as laborers on large white-owned farms and plantations in order to earn a living. Many clashed with former slave masters bent on reestablishing a gang-labor system similar to the one that prevailed under slavery.
Introduction The most difficult task confronting many Southerners during Reconstruction was devising a new system of labor to replace the shattered world of slavery. The economic lives of planters, former slaves, and nonslaveholding whites, were transformed after the Civil War.
Planters found it hard to adjust to the end of slavery. Accustomed to absolute control over their labor force, many sought to restore the old discipline, only to meet determined opposition from the freedpeople, who equated freedom with economic autonomy.
Many former slaves believed that their years of unrequited labor gave them a claim to land; "forty acres and a mule" became their rallying cry. White reluctance to sell to blacks, and the federal government's decision not to redistribute land in the South, meant that only a small percentage of the freedpeople became landowners.
Most rented land or worked for wages on white-owned plantations. During Reconstruction, many small white farmers, thrown into poverty by the war, entered into cotton production, a major change from prewar days when they concentrated on growing food for their own families.
Out of the conflicts on the plantations, new systems of labor slowly emerged to take the place of slavery. Sharecropping dominated the cotton and tobacco South, while wage labor was the rule on sugar plantations. Increasingly, both white and black farmers came to depend on local merchants for credit.
A cycle of debt often ensued, and year by year the promise of economic independence faded.Changes in Farming: Contributing factors in farming changes post Civil War After the Civil War there were many factors that contributed the changes that occurred in farming in America.
Among them was the drive for the South to renew and regain what had been lost due to the war.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by d) explaining the rise of big business, the growth of industry, and life on American farms.
Between the Civil War and World War I, the United States was transformed from an agricultural to an industrial nation. The Civil War, for all its vast changes—the conquest of the Confederacy, the end of slavery, the creation of a federal government, the so-called Yankee Leviathan of the size and power never before witnessed in this country—had only created the .
The Union victory in the Civil War in may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period () introduced a new. Southern Agriculture After Civil War How does the index of factors aggregate the change in land and labor to come up with a composite measure of changes in the factors of production?
Slide 8 Important Questions What happened to Southern Agriculture after the Civil War? Farm size after Civil war Farming after Emancipation Slide The end of the Civil War in , fought between the North and the South, spurred many changes in farming in the South.
The changes occurred rather quickly and started in what was referred to as The New South.