Works on Hegel's Social and Political Philosophy 1. He was educated at the Royal Highschool in Stuttgart from and steeped in both the classics and the literature of the European Enlightenment.
A large percentage of White workers will lose out if affirmative action is continued. Government statistics do not support this myth. According to the U. Commerce Department, there are 2. Bureau of the Census, Furthermore, affirmative action pertains only to job-qualified applicants, so the actual percentage of affected Whites would be even smaller.
The main sources of job loss among White workers have to do with factory relocations and labor contracting outside the United States, computerization and automation, and corporate downsizing Ivins, If Jewish people and Asian Americans can rapidly advance economically, African Americans should be able to do the same.
This comparison ignores the unique history of discrimination against Black people in America. Over the past four centuries, Black history has included nearly years of slavery, years of legalized discrimination, and only 50 years of anything else.
Jews and Asians, on the other hand, are populations that immigrated to North America and included doctors, lawyers, professors, and entrepreneurs among their ranks. Moreover, European Jews are able to function as part of the White majority.
To expect Blacks to show the same upward mobility as Jews and Asians is to deny the historical and social reality that Black people face. You can't cure discrimination with discrimination.
The problem with this myth is that it uses the same word -- discrimination -- to describe two very different things. Job discrimination is grounded in prejudice and exclusion, whereas affirmative action is an effort to overcome prejudicial treatment through inclusion.
The most effective way to cure society of exclusionary practices is to make special efforts at inclusion, which is exactly what affirmative action does. The logic of affirmative action is no different than the logic of treating a nutritional deficiency with vitamin supplements.
For a healthy person, high doses of vitamin supplements may be unnecessary or even harmful, but for a person whose system is out of balance, supplements are an efficient way to restore the body's balance.
Affirmative action tends to undermine the self-esteem of women and racial minorities. For instance, a Gallup poll asked employed Blacks and employed White women whether they had ever felt others questioned their abilities because of affirmative action Roper Center for Public Opinion, c.
Indeed, in many cases affirmative action may actually raise the self-esteem of women and minorities by providing them with employment and opportunities for advancement. Affirmative action is nothing more than an attempt at social engineering by liberal Democrats.
In truth, affirmative action programs have spanned a dozen different presidential administrations -- seven Republican and five Democratic. Although the originating document of affirmative action was President Lyndon Johnson's Executive Orderthe policy was significantly expanded in by President Richard Nixon and then Secretary of Labor George Schultz.
President George Bush also enthusiastically signed the Civil Rights Act ofwhich formally endorsed the principle of affirmative action. Thus, affirmative action has traditionally enjoyed the support of Republicans as well as Democrats. Support for affirmative action means support for preferential selection procedures that favor unqualified candidates over qualified candidates.
Actually, most supporters of affirmative action oppose this type of preferential selection. Preferential selection procedures can be ordered along the following continuum: Selection among equally qualified candidates. The mildest form of affirmative action selection occurs when a female or minority candidate is chosen from a pool of equally qualified applicants e.
Survey research suggests that three-quarters of the public does not see this type of affirmative action as discriminatory Roper Center for Public Opinion, d.
Selection among comparable candidates. A somewhat stronger form occurs when female or minority candidates are roughly comparable to other candidates e. The logic here is similar to the logic of selecting among equally qualified candidates; all that is needed is an understanding that, for example, predictions based on an SAT score of are virtually indistinguishable from predictions based on an SAT score of Selection among unequal candidates.
A still stronger form of affirmative action occurs when qualified female or minority candidates are chosen over candidates whose records are better by a substantial amount. Selection among qualified and unqualified candidates. The strongest form of preferential selection occurs when unqualified female or minority members are chosen over other candidates who are qualified.
Although affirmative action is sometimes mistakenly equated with this form of preferential treatment, federal regulations explicitly prohibit affirmative action programs in which unqualified or unneeded employees are hired Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, It began as a duty, operated as a mixed blessing for Kings, and wound up as one of the "true, ancient, and indubitable" rights of Englishmen.
From as early as , the defense of the realm rested in the hands of ordinary Englishmen. Under the English militia system, every able-bodied freeman was expected to defend his society and to provide his own arms, paid for and possessed by himself.
Like other states of the American South, Tennessee has a history which includes both slavery and racial segregation. In some ways, however, the history of the relationship between the races in the Volunteer State more closely resembles that of a border state than those of the Deep South.
Affirmative Action 1 Running Head: AFFIRMATIVE ACTION Affirmative Action: Equality or Reverse Discrimination?
Gabriel Patrick Wasson A Senior Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment civil rights.
In his essay, "The Evolution of . Question: Did The Obamas Benefit From Affirmative Action? Both Barack and Michelle are beneficiaries of race based Affirmative Action.
Their children will also benefit from race preferences, despite being privileged, legacies and daughters of VIPs. Aug 23, · Affirmative Action Affirmative action is one of the more recent and popular civil rights policies that affect today's society. Affirmative action can be described as nothing more than a lower educational standard for minorities.
october 25, plaintiffs in court again to hold california department of education and kern county office of education accountable for policies that deny black and latino students fair educational opportunities.