Endocrine system of human body health and social care essay

With this disease, your immune system attacks the thyroid. Thyroiditis Thyroiditis is inflammation of your thyroid that causes stored thyroid hormone to leak out of your thyroid gland.

Endocrine system of human body health and social care essay

Endocrine organs, called glands, secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones affect the activity of target sites that are often located far from the site of release. Exocrine organs direct the function of their target sites by releasing their active. The major endocrine organs include the hypothalamus and the hypophysis, or pituitary gland.

Other endocrine glands within the body include: The hypothalamus is located in the forebrain, directly above the pituitary gland.

Endocrine system of human body health and social care essay

The hypothalamus receives input from other parts of the brain and from peripheral nerves. This input affects neurosecretory cells within the hypothalamus.

The anterior pituitary synthesizes its own hormones. Capillaries within the anterior pituitary receive signals from the hypothalamus that tell the anterior pituitary whether or not to release certain hormones.

Human Body Systems - Functions, locations, anatomy, definition, picture

The thyroid gland is a bilobed structure found at the trachea. It synthesizes and secretes three hormones: The parathyroids are four small glands embedded in the thyroid.

Endocrine system of human body health and social care essay

They produce and secrete parathyroid hormone PTH. The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys. Each gland is subdivided into an outer adrenal cortex and an inner adrenal medulla.

The pancreas is both an endocrine organ and an exocrine organ. The exocrine portion of the pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the pancreatic duct. The endocrine portion of the pancreas secretes hormones, including insulin and glucagon.

The testes are responsible for the synthesis and secretion of androgens, such as testosterone. Interstitial cells, located between the seminiferous tubules of the testes, produce androgens. The ovaries produce and secrete steroid hormones known as estrogens and progesterone.

How common is hypothyroidism?

The Menstrual Cycle and Pregnancy From puberty to menopause, hormonal interplay between the hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovaries results in the monthly menstrual cycle, which has four distinct phases: Fertilization on or around day 14 of the menstrual cycle is followed by implantation of the zygote and development of the placenta.

Mechanisms of hormone action Hormones may be grouped into three major categories, depending on their chemical structures: Peptide hormones include simple peptides like ADH, Steroid hormones include fat derived compounds like estrogen and Amino acid-derived hormones include epinephrine and T4.

Rapid Study Kit for "Title":Lab 28B: Endocrine System Physiology Computer Simulation Introduction The endocrine system is the second greatest control system of the body and has many effects on the tissues and organs/5(1).

The endocrine system works with the nervous system and the immune system to help our body cope with different events and stresses. Excesses or deficits of hormones can lead to obesity and, on the other hand, obesity can lead to changes in hormones.


The main organs found in the human endocrine system are located in the brain and include the hypothalamus, thalamus and pituitary gland. the human body is . Physiological principals for health and social care In this piece of assignment will be talking about how the human body functions in all different types of ways and also how functions help the body to grow and work in all different ways.

The endocrine system is to produce and release the hormones and keep the organs or glands working properly. Health and Social Care Unit 5 Essay Unit 5 Assignment 1, Anatomy and Physiology for Health and Social Care Nucleus The majority of cells in the human body contain a nucleus but not all nuclei are the same as there are many variations.

Y Information security management system/vlt2-task2 Student Name University Affiliation Information security management system/vlt2-task2 Health Body Wellness Centre (HBWC) is a health facility that sponsors and encourages medical evaluation, research and dissemination of information among health care .

Stress, Psychological Disorders, and the Immune System