In Marchthe first expedition sailed with men in seven ships, an absurd force to engage the 10,strong royal army. They came across four Spanish vessels and were able to board two. They landed the next day at San Juan Griego and were warmly welcomed by the people.
In Britain at the time, the word "patriot" had a negative connotation and was used as a negative epithet for "a factious disturber of the government", according to Samuel Johnson.
During the Revolution, these persons became known primarily as Loyalists.
Afterward, many emigrated north to the remaining British territories in Canada. There they called themselves the United Empire Loyalists.
Influence Many Patriots were active before in groups such as the Sons of Libertyand the most prominent leaders are referred to today by Americans as the Founding Fathers. They represented a cross-section of the population of the Thirteen Colonies and came from many different backgrounds.
According to Robert Calhoon, between 40 and 45 percent of the white population in the Thirteen Colonies supported the Patriots' cause, between 15 and 20 percent supported the Loyalistsand the remainder were neutral or kept a low profile. He finds eight characteristics that differentiated the two groups.
Loyalists were older, better established, and more likely to resist innovation than the Patriots.
Loyalists at the outbreak of war: selections from letters and commentary, After the Battle of Lexington and Concord in April , any toleration for Loyalists vanished. Patriot Committees of Safety required citizens to pledge support for the cause of American independence or be deemed "inimical to the liberties of America.". But if the political complexion between and is accurately described as equally divided among patriots, loyalists, and those diffident or disaffected, understanding loyalism is essential to unlocking the puzzle of revolutionary America. In Dutchess County’s south, the landlords were loyalists and, consequently, the tenants became avid patriots. Conversely, just a few miles north at Livingston Manor, the landlord was a member of.
Loyalists felt that the Crown was the legitimate government and resistance to it was morally wrong, while the Patriots felt that morality was on their side because the British government had violated the constitutional rights of Englishmen.
Men who were alienated by physical attacks on Royal officials took the Loyalist position, while those who were offended by heavy-handed British rule became Patriots.
Merchants in the port cities with long-standing financial attachments to the British Empire were likely to remain loyal to the system, while few Patriots were so deeply enmeshed in the system. Some Loyalists, according to Labaree, were "procrastinators" who believed that independence was bound to come some day, but wanted to "postpone the moment", while the Patriots wanted to "seize the moment".
Loyalists were cautious and afraid of anarchy or tyranny that might come from mob rule; Patriots made a systematic effort to take a stand against the British. Finally, Labaree argues that Loyalists were pessimists who lacked the Patriots' confidence that independence lay ahead.
The British countered that there was "virtual representation" in the sense that all members of Parliament represented the interests of all the citizens of the British Empire. Some Patriots declared that they were loyal to the king, but they insisted that they should be free to run their own affairs.
In fact, they had been running their own affairs since the period of "salutary neglect" before the French and Indian War. Some radical Patriots tarred and feathered tax collectors and customs officers, making those positions dangerous; according to Benjamin Irvin, the practice was especially prevalent in Boston where many Patriots lived.
Statesmen and office holders.Loyalists were American colonists who stayed loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.
They were opposed by the Patriots, who supported the revolution, and called them "persons inimical to the liberties of America". Prominent Loyalists repeatedly assured the British government that many thousands of them would. Patriots would insult Loyalists and mistrusted them because they did not believe in the Patriots' cause.
Another group of people who did not wish to fight during the . The American Revolutionary War of to was also known as the American War of Independence.
It had begun as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and former 13 united British colonies under the North American continent. Loyalists at the outbreak of war: selections from letters and commentary, After the Battle of Lexington and Concord in April , any toleration for Loyalists vanished.
Patriot Committees of Safety required citizens to pledge support for the cause of American independence or be deemed "inimical to the liberties of America.". Loyalists seized Richard Stockton, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and after imprisonment and cruel treatment, he broke down, and signed an oath of allegiance to George III.
A British commander called the unceasing Loyalist raids "desolation warfare". Patriots (also known as Revolutionaries, Continentals, Rebels, or American Whigs) were those colonists of the Thirteen Colonies who rejected British rule during the American Revolution and declared the United States of America as an independent nation in July Their decision was based on the political philosophy of republicanism as .