What we have for you today is a report that we have just released, a copy of which you have in your hand, which provides profiles, short case studies if you will, of seven of the major Muslim movements that have a presence in Europe today. Many of you will know quite a lot or at least something of some of them. Some of them may be new to quite a few of you. Very briefly a word on the research and the nature of it, the methodology, if you will.
Who Wears Pythagoras' Trousers? A book by science writer Margaret Wertheim transforms the current into a shock of discovery.
The title reminds us that Pythagoras and his followers combined natural and supernatural studies. They originated the idea God is a mathematician, an idea that still has currency. The author covers much of the history of Western science, religion, and society, and she does so with a deft hand.
Her main points are that women have been deliberately excluded from the highest callings of the mind, encompassing both science and religion, and that the persistence of this situation bodes ill for science, for society, and for women. In the introductory chapter Wertheim zooms in on the most egregious religion and the most offending science by saying: In the Old Testament, the generations - whose reckonings supposedly gave the age of God's Earth - were virtually all male.
There must have been an equal number of females, but they were cast in supporting and largely unreported roles. In the New Testament, men are spiritual beings and political figures, while women are either virgins or whores.
Yes, it sounds unfair and unrealistic to me, too. The book brings several questions to mind. Has the bulk of Western civilization been built upon these Biblical beginnings? Have science and religion been in cahoots, rather than at odds through the ages?
Has the priesthood acted to exclude women, as well as other groups? How will we now include the disaffected outsiders? Will the inclusions materially change the way physics, in particular, is done?
It is apparent that religious and scientific societies have had explicit rules forbidding women to join. When rules were relaxed, votes still were not.
Think of Marie Curie and the French Academy. Think of all the bright and achieving women who were refused admission to graduate schools in the US until fairly recent decades.
In a persistence of discrimination, these same women were denied faculty positions over the same time period. A woman could no more become a professor than she could become a priest.
The most mathematical of the sciences rejected women most completely. Physics uses math the way the Church used Latin, or so it is said. Without Latin, you could not lead a Mass.
Without math, you cannot advance in physics. To stop women from entering either, simply prevent them from learning the holy language. Wertheim contradicts my misconception that science and religion have been at each other's throats.The author covers much of the history of Western science, religion, and society, and she does so with a deft hand.
The big question in the final chapter, "The Ascent of Mathematical Woman," is the social responsibility of science. one still must ask whether the present world can . A popular claim made by many Christian Nationalists is that the absence of any explicit endorsement of their religion by public schools - or indeed by government generally - represents an expression of hostility towards their religion.
Religion's efforts to make itself known to more people, to insinuate itself into schools and government, is a marketing campaign, it has nothing to do with the higher purposes that religion claims for itself. Feb 02, · If we apply the Lemon Test to the question before us, whether or not the North Carolina voucher system is “undermin[ing] the separation of church and state”, I believe that a similar conclusion must .
Political Science Midterm. STUDY. people should be excluded from politics as completely as possible c. the citizenry must remain politically active d. a government, once established, could not be overturned. The federal government sets education policies for all schools. b. The federal government establishes general guidelines for.
Although the respondents press their claims under the Religion Clauses, the question we consider first is whether Congress intended the Board to have jurisdiction over teachers in church-operated schools.