A gender system that distinguishes femaleness as having a salient property, whether positive, negative, or neither, might still be regarded as a kind of sexism, whichever way the property goes; but it is a rather different matter from the usual feminist complaint about the patriarchal conception that we find all the way from Genesis to Aristotle to Freud: It looks to be essential to the feminist theory of "sexist language" that a gender system where the masculine gender doubles as the common gender causes or reinforces "phallocentrism" and a patriarchal society.
Evolution and Charles Darwin Evolution I. Evolution is the most important concept in all of biology.
None of biology makes sense except in the context of evolution. Just why is evolution so important to biologists? Evolution makes sense of the similarities and differences and provides a rational explanation for the distribution of taxa.
It also supplies explanations for the sometimes wild exceptions we see eg cacti and euphorbs, which look so similar but are clearly only very distantly related to each other. The explanation is convergent evolution.
Comparison of DNA and protein sequences only makes sense in light of evolution. Our understanding of infectious organisms and our tactics to combat them are entirely based upon understanding of evolution. No idea comes from thin air.
The historical perspective helps to understand where the concepts behind evolutionary theory came from. Here are some of the basic historical issues. The typical view of the nature of species at the beginning of the nineteenth century is often described as the Doctrine of Fixed Species.
This concept had its primary roots in Greek philosophy: During the eighteenth century, Carolus Linnaeus developed the basis for our nested, hierarchical classification system, or Taxonomy.
The geologic discipline of stratigraphy was developed during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Though this accomplishment was shared by many geologists throughout Europe, the name most commonly associated with developing the concept of stratigraphy is William Smithwho was an engineer engaged in building canals all over England.
George Cuvier eventually Baron George Cuvier was a scientist of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. His specialty was vertebrate anatomy. Because of his expertise in anatomy, Cuvier was the obvious person to ask to examine strange remains found during reconstruction after a major Paris fire.
These remains turned out to belong to extinct organisms, and led to the development of the field of study we call Paleontology. Cuvier was the first to reconstruct dinosaurs. Cuvier is also remembered for coming up with the concept of Catastrophism, as an attempt to reconcile his religious beliefs with the evidence he discovered as a scientist.
Charles Lyella British geologist, developed the concept of Uniformitarianism. In other words, the forces acting upon and shaping the Earth today are the same as the forces that acted upon and shaped the Earth in the past.
Uniformitarianism is a central tenet of modern geology. Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species A. Who was Charles Darwin? Darwin was born in the first century of the nineteenth century to a wealthy family.
His hobby was natural history. He collected beetles, went on geological field trips and became very friendly with the natural history faculty at his universities. During the five-year trip, he collected tons literally of specimens of animals, plants and fossils, which he shipped back to England for later analysis.
Upon returning to England, he officially became a naturalist. Almost all of his specimens were sent to experts for analysis. He kept the barnacles for himself, setting out to become an expert in barnacles. It was the analyses that were returned to him from his experts that started him thinking along revolutionary pathways.The essay, indeed, adds nothing material to the discussion of evolution, although it states one side of the case moderately well, as far as it goes.
Dr. Hodge approaches the subject from the side of systematic theology, and considers it mainly in its bearing upon the origin and original state of man.
The first thinkers to look for causes in natural phenomena (rather than gods controlling events) were the Greek physiologoi or cosmologists. The reasons (λόγοι) behind the physical (φύσις) world became the ideal "laws" governing material phenomena.
Darwins Theory Of Evolution By Natural Selection Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. and the main driving force behind Darwin's Theory of evolution.
Some dispute over . Religion was almost universally practiced by people living in "the West" prior to the impact of such things as Charles Darwin proposing a Theory of Evolution of Species.
FROM BREEDING TO TRANSGENIC ART "GFP Bunny" is a transgenic artwork and not a breeding project. The differences between the two include the principles that guide the work, the procedures employed, and the main objectives.
I. Eliezer Yudkowsky’s catchily-titled Inadequate Equilibria is many things. It’s a look into whether there is any role for individual reason in a world where you can always just trust expert consensus.